Petra is a badass ancient city carved into the sandstone cliffs of the Arabah valley in Southern Jordan – literally in the middle of nowhere. This historical and archaeological city is a member of the UNESCO World Heritage Sites and a place you must visit – if you have the balls and patience.
This wicked-cool place was established by the Nabataeans sometime around 400 B.C. and peaked with 20,000 inhabitants who probably threw some bitching house cave parties. Things slid downhill in 106 A.D. when the Nabataeans got into a spat with the Roman Empire and were (eventually) forced to surrender. Shit didn’t help when in 363 A.D. a pair of powerful earthquakes rocked (no pun intended) the region, destroying many of the structures. By 700 A.D. the place was abandoned – left with wild goats just doing goat things on the mountainside.
Tourism was never huge in Petra, even after UNESCO added it to the World Heritage Sites in 1985. The release of Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade in 1989 featured the Treasury building (Al-Khazneh), and tourism numbers exploded!
Visitors to the area increased from a few thousand people per year to almost 1 million people per year. The demand to see this ancient archaeological city was so high that the government had to step in and build additional infrastructure to support the tourism demand.